families, there are four types of adoption from
which to choose: Regular or "Local"
Adoption, Banque Mixte adoptions,
International adoption and special adoptions.
All adoptions involving children
born in Québec are overseen by the public
social services organization, "Association
des Centres Jeunesse du Québec."
Internal or "Local"
adoptions are typically those of newborns or young
infants but can also be for children as old as
four years. This kind of adoption is usually a
'consent adoption' where birth parents consent
to the child's adoption. Adoptive applicants must
be registered with, and on the waiting list, of
the Centre Youth in their area. As mentioned above,
waiting times for a newborn can be anywhere from
4 to 8 years.
Banque Mixte is another route
of adoption in Québec and is similar to
the 'Foster with a View to Adopt' programs in
provinces like Ontario. The children that are
placed into the "Mixed Bank" are not
legally admissible for adoption at the time of
placement with a family of 'reception.' These
families are aware that the child could be returned
to his/her biologically family but for the majority
of such placements, the children do not return
to their biological families and do eventually
become free to be adopted.
is by far the most popular choice for
families in Québec. The Secrétariat
à l'adoption internationale is Québec's
central authority for international adoptions.
There are 13 international adoption agencies in
the province that are licensed to arrange international
adoptions with various countries.
A special adoption is where
a family member adopts a relative or a step parent
adopts their spouse's child.