In Manitoba, private domestic
adoptions are facilitated by a licensed adoption agency or
a Child and Family Services agency. Birth parents make an
adoption plan for their baby and are actively involved in
selecting the adoptive family. The agency provides services
to both the birth and adoptive families. In some instances,
a birth family may request that the agency select the adoptive
family based on certain criteria they have outlined.
Cost of Private Domestic
Private adoption is not free. With
most domestic private adoptions, prospective adoptive parents
pay the registration fees with the agency, the cost of the
homestudy (ranges anywhere from $1,000 to $2,000), cost of
the education program, and a placement fee when the child
is actually placed in the home. The total costs can range
anywhere from $10,000 to $15,000.
STEP 1: Register
with a licensed, private adoption agency in Manitoba. Fill
out the required forms and attend an information session or
education program offered by the agency.
STEP 2: The Homestudy Report. This
is probably the scariest part of the adoption process for
most applicants. A social worker will visit your home over
the span of several months and interview you about your life,
your family and your home environment. You will be asked to
discuss many personal issues; your worker will want to know
about your childhood, your religious beliefs, education, past
relationships and marriages, as well as your views on parenting.
It's important that you're honest with your worker so that
he/she will be able to portray a clear and accurate view of
your family in the homestudy report.
As part of the homestudy process, you will be asked to complete
the following important documents and clearances:
1. Police Clearance Check.
3. References from persons you designate
5. Financial Statement
STEP 3: Write
a "Dear Expectant Parent" letter
and create a profile to submit to your agency for birth families
to review. Ask your agency if they have any guidelines or
for some examples of profiles that have proven successful.
STEP 4: Wait!
For most prospective adoptive parents, this can be a very
difficult and frustrating time as there is no set time limit.
Birth parents choose the family to adopt their baby and each
has their own vision of the ideal family for their baby.
STEP 5: The match!
If you've been chosen by a birth family, your agency
will contact you with the good news. Depending on the birth
parents, you most likely will have the opportunity to meet
with them before the placement to see if you're a good fit.
It's at this meeting that you will most likely discuss an
openness agreement and set the boundaries for your future
relationship. Some families choose limited contact while some
birth parents and adoptive parents become very close and agree
to meet regularly before the birth. Many birth mothers ask
the adoptive parents to attend the birth!
STEP 6: Open your home
to your new son or daughter! In Manitoba, birth parents
may sign consents to an adoption 48 hours after the birth
of their child. This is done through a lawyer. With these
consents signed and with the approval of the agency, the adoptive
parents may receive the child. The approval of the agency
indicates that a homestudy was completed successfully and
that required services were provided to the birth parents.
The birth parents may withdraw
their consents for 21 days after signing them. After the 21-day
withdrawal period, the adoptive parents' lawyer may make an
application to court for an Order of Adoption. A copy of that
application must be given to the birth parents and to the
agency that provided service.
STEP 7: Post-placement
and Finalization! Once the 21 day withdrawal period
expires and no consents are withdrawn, your agency can move
forward to the adoption finalization. Your worker will visit
you for several months to ensure the placement is successful
and to gether information for a report required for finalization.
Once all the paperwork regarding your adoption has been submitted
and reviewed, your family's adoption will be finalized in